What Database Does Sharepoint Use?

Are you looking to find out what database powers SharePoint? SharePoint is a popular content management system and collaboration platform used by organisations around the world. But what database does SharePoint use at its core? In this article, we’ll look at the database that SharePoint is built upon and how it helps to power this versatile platform. Read on to find out more about the database that makes SharePoint tick.

what database does sharepoint use?


What Database Does Sharepoint Use?

The Microsoft SharePoint platform is a powerful and popular enterprise collaboration and content management system. It is used by organizations both small and large to facilitate communication and collaboration. As such, it is important to understand what database SharePoint uses to store its valuable data.

Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SharePoint utilizes Microsoft SQL Server as its underlying database technology. This means that all data stored and used by SharePoint is contained within a SQL Server database. SQL Server is a powerful, secure, and reliable relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft. It is used in a wide variety of applications and is among the most popular databases in the world.

Benefits of Using SQL Server

There are several key benefits to using SQL Server as the underlying database technology for SharePoint. First, SQL Server is extremely reliable. It is designed to work with a wide variety of applications, including SharePoint, and is very secure. Additionally, SQL Server is highly scalable and can handle large amounts of data. Finally, SQL Server offers a wide range of features, including support for advanced analytics and reporting.

SharePoint Data Storage

When SharePoint is installed, a number of databases are created. These databases are used to store data related to the SharePoint site, such as user profiles, content, and search data. Additionally, SharePoint also uses other databases, such as the SharePoint Configuration Database and the SharePoint Administration Database.

SharePoint Security

Securing the data stored in the underlying database is an important consideration for any SharePoint implementation. SQL Server provides a number of features to help secure data, including the ability to encrypt data, create user roles and permissions, and implement database security policies. Additionally, SQL Server also supports the use of advanced security protocols, such as Kerberos, which can help protect data from unauthorized access.

SharePoint Performance

The performance of a SharePoint site is largely dependent on the performance of the underlying database. SQL Server is designed to provide high performance and scalability for SharePoint implementations. Additionally, SQL Server includes features such as query optimization and indexing, which can help improve the performance of SharePoint sites.

SharePoint Administration

SQL Server also provides a number of features to help with SharePoint administration. These include the ability to back up and restore data, as well as the ability to easily migrate data between different databases. Additionally, SQL Server also provides tools to monitor and troubleshoot SharePoint performance.

SharePoint Development

SQL Server also provides a number of features to make SharePoint development easier. This includes the ability to create custom solutions and applications, as well as the ability to use advanced programming languages such as C# and Visual Basic. Additionally, SQL Server also provides tools to help developers debug and troubleshoot their applications.


In conclusion, Microsoft SharePoint utilizes SQL Server as its underlying database technology. SQL Server is an extremely reliable and secure database system, and provides a number of features to help with SharePoint performance, security, administration, and development. By utilizing SQL Server, organizations can ensure that their SharePoint implementations are secure and performant.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Database Does Sharepoint Use?

Answer: Sharepoint uses Microsoft SQL Server as its underlying database. It is a relational database management system (RDBMS) which is used to store and retrieve data. SQL Server is the foundation of SharePoint and is used to store all the content that SharePoint uses, such as web pages, documents, lists and libraries.

SQL Server provides scalability, data security, high performance, and reliability for SharePoint. In addition, it also provides features such as replication, backup and restore, and other features to enable organizations to maintain their SharePoint environment. SQL Server also provides a graphical user interface that enables administrators to easily manage SharePoint databases.

In conclusion, the Microsoft SharePoint platform uses the SQL Server database engine to store and manage data. This database engine is used to store the SharePoint content and configuration settings for the platform. As SharePoint has grown and evolved, the database engine has become increasingly important in helping the platform to function smoothly and efficiently. With its reliable and powerful database engine, SharePoint is a great product for businesses to use for collaboration and document management.